Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2007

Indigenous report

Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2007, was released on 1 June 2007. In addition the Overview of this report was released as a separate publication.

In April 2002, the Council of Australian Governments commissioned the Steering Committee to produce a regular report against key indicators of Indigenous disadvantage. This report has an important long-term objective. It is to inform Australian governments about whether policy programs and interventions are achieving positive outcomes for Indigenous people. This will help guide where further work is needed.

Please note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain images of deceased people.


Cover, Copyright, Foreword, Contents, Acronyms and abbreviations, Glossary, Terms of Reference


1   Introduction
1.1   Not just another statistical report
1.2   Background
1.3   The process
1.4   References

2   The framework
2.1   The underpinnings
2.2   The framework
2.3   Feedback from consultations
2.4   Culture
2.5   Data issues
2.6   References

3   Headline indicators
3.1   Life expectancy at birth
3.2   Disability and chronic disease
3.3   Years 10 and 12 retention and attainment
3.4   Post secondary education – participation and attainment
3.5   Labour force participation and unemployment
3.6   Household and individual income
3.7   Home ownership
3.8   Suicide and self-harm
3.9   Substantiated child abuse and neglect
3.10   Deaths from homicide and hospitalisations for assault
3.11   Family and community violence
3.12   Imprisonment and juvenile detention rates
3.13   Future directions in data
3.14   Attachment tables
3.15   References

4   Strategic areas for action
4.1   The rationale
4.2   Strategic change indicators

5   Early child development and growth
5.1   Injury and preventable diseases
5.2   Infant mortality
5.3   Birthweight
5.4   Hearing impediments
5.5   Children with tooth decay
5.6   Future directions in data
5.7   Attachment tables
5.8   References

6   Early school engagement and performance (preschool to year 3)
6.1   Preschool and early learning
6.2   School attendance (year 1 to year 3)
6.3   Year 3 literacy and numeracy
6.4   Future directions in data
6.5   Attachment tables
6.6   References

7   Positive childhood and transition to adulthood
7.1   Years 5 and 7 literacy and numeracy
7.2   Retention at year 9
7.3   Indigenous cultural studies in school curriculum and involvement of Indigenous people in development
         and delivery of Indigenous studies
7.4   Juvenile diversions as a proportion of all juvenile offenders
7.5   Transition from school to work
7.6   Future directions in data
7.7   Attachment tables
7.8   References

8   Substance use and misuse
8.1   Alcohol consumption and harm
8.2   Tobacco consumption and harm
8.3   Drug and other substance use and harm
8.4   Future directions in data
8.5   Attachment tables
8.6   References

9   Functional and resilient families and communities
9.1   Children on care and protection orders
9.2   Repeat offending
9.3   Access to primary health care
9.4   Mental health
9.5   Proportion of Indigenous people with access to their traditional lands
9.6   Participation in organised sport, arts or community group activities
9.7   Engagement with service delivery
9.8   Future directions in data
9.9   Attachment tables
9.10   References

10   Effective environmental health systems
10.1   Rates of diseases associated with poor environmental health
10.2   Access to clean water and functional sewerage
10.3   Overcrowding in housing
10.4   Future directions in data
10.5   Attachment tables
10.6   References

11   Economic participation and development
11.1   Employment (full time/part time), by sector (public/private), industry and occupation
11.2   Self employment and Indigenous business
11.3   Indigenous owned or controlled land
11.4   Governance capacity and skills
11.5   Case studies in governance arrangements
11.6   Future directions in data
11.7   Attachment tables
11.8   References

12   Outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people
12.1   Selected outcomes for Torres Strait Islander people
12.2   Attachment tables
12.3   References

13   Measuring multiple disadvantage
13.1   Patterns of relative Indigenous disadvantage
13.2   Associations between headline indicators
13.3   Associations between headline indicators and strategic change indicators
13.4   Notes on methodology
13.5   Attachment tables
13.6   References

Appendix 1   COAG Communiqués

Appendix 2   Implementation of the framework

Appendix 3   Composition of the Indigenous population

Appendix 4   Data limitations

Appendix 5   Measures and data sources

Printed copies

This report is available only on the website.

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