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Exports of Education Services

Industry Commission inquiry report

This report was signed on 14 August 1991.

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Cover, Copyright, Signing Page, Acknowledgement, Contents, Abbreviations, Terms of Reference, Overview, Recommendations

1 Background to the Inquiry
1.1 What are exports of education?
1.2 The background to education exports
1.3 Previous studies
1.4 Outline of the report

2 The Students and the Institutions
2.1 The students
2.2 The institutions

3 Costs and Benefits of Overseas Students in Australia
3.1 Introduction
3.2 How large are our exports?
3.3 Provision of education services
3.4 Provision of ancillary goods and services
3.5 Wider costs and benefits
3.6 Concluding remarks

4 The Problem of Overstay
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Brief history of changes to student immigration regulations
4.3 Overstay

5 Immigration Controls
5.1 Methods of control
5.2 Current policy settings
5.3 Administration of immigration policy
5.4 Medical testing and health insurance
5.5 Conclusions

6 Work Rights
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The availability and use of work rights
6.3 Work rights and the labour market
6.4 Work rights and incentives to enter Australia
6.5 Conclusions

7 Regulation, Consumer Protection and Competition
7.1 Introduction
7.2 How is accreditation undertaken?
7.3 How effective are registration/accreditation requirements?
7.4 An alternative approach - allow an unaccredited sector
7.5 The implications for students
7.6 The separate roles of ELICOS and the Adult Migrant English Program (AMEP) providers

8 Universities
8.1 Introduction
8.2 How are places allocated to domestic students?
8.3 How are placed allocated to overseas students?
8.4 Effects of arrangements on domestic students
8.5 Effects of arrangements on overseas students
8.6 Could scarce places be allocated better?

9 Technical and Further Education
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Overseas students
9.3 Fees for domestic students
9.4 Credit transfer and articulation of courses
9.5 Visa issues
9.6 Concluding comments

10 Schools
10.1 Introduction
10.2 The pattern of enrolments
10.3 Fees charged to overseas students
10.4 Choice of tertiary entrance preparation
10.5 Offshore provision
10.6 Concluding comments

11 Promotion
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Current promotional activity
11.3 Promotion undertaken by other countries
11.4 Should government be involved in promotion?

A List of participants

B List of gazetted countries


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