Gambling

Inquiry report

This inquiry report was released on 23 June 2010.

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Contents

  • Preliminaries
    • Cover, Copyright, Letter of transmittal, Terms of reference, Contents and Abbreviations
  • Overview - including key points
  • Recommendations and findings
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
    • 1.1 What has the Commission been asked to do?
    • 1.2 Inquiry processes
    • 1.3 How is this report organised?
  • Chapter 2 A snapshot of the gambling industry
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 The state of the Australian gambling industry
    • 2.3 EGMs in clubs and hotels
    • 2.4 The casino industry
    • 2.5 The wagering industry
  • Chapter 3 The policy framework
    • 3.1 Governments and gambling
    • 3.2 Steps to good policy
    • 3.3 Rationales for gambling policy
    • 3.4 Different frameworks inform policy
    • 3.5 Evidence-based policy in gambling
  • Chapter 4 A broad perspective on gambling problems
    • 4.1 Measurement should be policy-relevant and relate to vulnerabilities and harm
    • 4.2 Identifying vulnerabilities
    • 4.3 Identifying those who are harmed
    • 4.4 Risks by venue type
  • Chapter 5 The prevalence of 'problem' gambling
    • 5.1 "What is 'the' number?" — measuring problem gambling
    • 5.2 A true 'case' is hard to find
    • 5.3 'False positives and negatives' : how accurate are the surveys?
    • 5.4 The headline indicator: identifying 'problem' gamblers
    • 5.5 Exposure and problems
    • 5.6 Comparison of gambling problems with other public health concerns
    • 5.7 How much do problem gamblers spend (lose)?
    • 5.8 Has problem gambling prevalence declined?
  • Chapter 6 The benefits of gambling and some implications
    • 6.1 The benefits to consumers of gambling
    • 6.2 What are the perceptions of social benefits to communities?
    • 6.3 Empirical evidence about community impacts
    • 6.4 Volunteering
    • 6.5 In-kind contributions
    • 6.6 Cash contributions
    • 6.7 Clubs with greater dependence on gambling serve different market segments
    • 6.8 Employment and business benefits
    • 6.9 The bottom line on the benefits of gambling
    • 6.10 The size of the 'prize' from more effective harm minimisation
    • Chapter 7 Counselling and treatment support services
      • 7.1 Reaching the target population
      • 7.2 Effectiveness of treatment and support
      • 7.3 Counsellors' qualifications and service standards
      • 7.4 Funding of gambling help services
      • 7.5 Building a better evidence base
    • Chapter 8 In-venue information and gambling advertising
      • 8.1 Warning messages
      • 8.2 Advertising
    • Chapter 9 School-based gambling education
      • 9.1 Existing approach to school-based gambling education
      • 9.2 Youth and gambling
      • 9.3 Evidence on the effectiveness of school-based gambling education programs
      • 9.4 Lessons from other school-based education programs?
      • 9.5 Drawing together the evidence
    • Chapter 10 Pre-commitment strategies
      • 10.1 Why should player choice and control be a policy issue?
      • 10.2 Self-exclusion
      • 10.3 More flexible pre-commitment arrangements
      • 10.4 What limits or other options might be available for players?
      • 10.5 How could partial pre-commitment work?
      • 10.6 How could full pre-commitment work?
      • 10.7 The details of the scheme and its implementation are critical
      • 10.8 Auxiliary functions of a pre-commitment system
      • 10.9 In conclusion
    • Chapter 11 Game features and machine design
      • 11.1 Introduction
      • 11.2 The intensity of play
      • 11.3 Note acceptors and cash input limits
      • 11.4 A novel proposal for safer play: an 'airbag' EGM?
      • 11.5 Other features
    • Chapter 12 Venue activities
      • 12.1 Introduction
      • 12.2 Voluntary harm minimisation measures by venues
      • 12.3 Strengthening incentives for venues to implement harm minimisation measures
      • 12.4 Staff training in harm minimisation
      • 12.5 Problematic player behaviour identification and intervention
      • 12.6 Inducements to gamble
      • 12.7 'Reality checks'
      • 12.8 Exposure of children to gambling activity
    • Chapter 13 Access to cash and credit
      • 13.1 Introduction
      • 13.2 Restrictions on ATMs/EFTPOS facilities
      • 13.3 Using credit for gambling
      • 13.4 Payment of gaming machine prizes as cash
      • 13.5 Cheque cashing
    • Chapter 14 Accessibility of gaming machines
      • 14.1 Introduction
      • 14.2 The link between accessibility and gambling harms
      • 14.3 Restricting the accessibility of gaming machines
    • Chapter 15 Online gaming and the Interactive Gambling Act
      • 15.1 Background
      • 15.2 What harms are associated with online gaming and how do they compare to other gambling?
      • 15.3 Has the prohibition 'worked'?
      • 15.4 Policy alternatives
      • 15.5 Weighing up the regulatory options
    • Chapter 16 Developments in the racing and wagering industries
      • 16.1 The legacy of traditional funding arrangements
      • 16.2 Principles of a good funding model
      • 16.3 A national funding model for racing and wagering in Australia
      • 16.4 Other aspects of a national model
    • Chapter 17 Regulatory processes and institutions
      • 17.1 Introduction
      • 17.2 What does best practice look like?
      • 17.3 Governance structures still need work
      • 17.4 Improving regulatory processes
      • 17.5 National regulation and jurisdictional consistency
    • Chapter 18 Gambling policy research and evaluation
      • 18.1 Introduction
      • 18.2 Improving gambling data: collection, national consistency and access
      • 18.3 Improving national gambling research
      • 18.4 Improving policy evaluation and review
      • 18.5 A forward agenda for gambling research
    • Chapter 19 Implementation issues and transitions
      • 19.1 Implementation issues vary across measures
      • 19.2 Changes to EGMs: influences on implementation
      • 19.3 Changes to EGMs: an implementation path
      • 19.4 A leadership role for the Australian Government
    • Appendix A Consultations
    • Appendix B The expenditure share of people experiencing problems
    • Appendix C Pre-commitment systems
    • Appendix D Scoring in the Canadian Problem Gambling Index
    • Appendix E Self-exclusion programs and exclusion on welfare grounds
    • Appendix F Survey of clients of counselling agencies 2009
    • Appendix G Access to cash and credit: evidence
    • Appendix H Australian litigation on gambling
    • Appendix I The link between accessibility and gambling harms
    • Appendix J Counselling services
    • Appendix K Advertising
    • References
 

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