Economic Impacts of Migration and Population Growth

Research report

This research report was released on 17 May 2006. Also see:

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Cover, Copyright, Foreword, Acknowledgments, Terms of reference, Contents, Abbreviations and Glossary, Overview

1 Introduction
1.1 Background to the study
1.2 Scope of the study
1.3 Conduct of the study
1.4 Structure of the report

2 Trends in migration
2.1 International migration flows
2.2 Australian perspective
2.3 Migration and Australia’s population

3 Linking migration, population and productivity
3.1 Economic growth and living standards
3.2 Size and diversity are keys to the economic effects
3.3 Overview of migration’s links to productivity and income per capita

4 The diversity of the migrant workforce
4.1 The education levels of immigrants
4.2 Immigration and the supply of labour by occupation and industry
4.3 Immigration and the working age population
4.4 Immigration and labour force participation
4.5 Immigration and unemployment rates
4.6 Immigration and working hours
4.7 Immigration and regional labour supply
4.8 Intergenerational effects
4.9 Emigration and labour supply
4.10 Projecting the effect of changes in immigration flows on labour supply
4.11 Overall assessment

5 Migration and labour productivity
5.1 Migration, human capital and productivity
5.2 What is the evidence on the labour productivity of immigrants in Australia?
5.3 The skill effect of immigration
5.4 Overall assessment

6 Scale and environmental effects of migration
6.1 Migration and economies of scale
6.2 Migration, natural resources and environmental externalities

7 Sectoral, economy-wide and distributional effects of migration
7.1 Sectoral effects
7.2 Other economy-wide effects
7.3 Distributional effects

8 Overall impact on living standards
8.1 Overall effect of migration on living standards
8.2 Why a small impact?
8.3 Comparison of modelling results

9 Impediments to productivity and economic growth from migration
9.1 Efficacy of Australia’s migration program
9.2 Migration policy and skill shortages
9.3 English language proficiency
9.4 Distortions arising from the skilled migration program
9.5 Efficacy of skills assessment and recognition processes
9.6 Impediments arising from Australia’s tax system
9.7 Australian emigration

A Submissions, visits and roundtable attendees

B Trends in international migration

C Australia’s migration policy and flows

D Characteristics of Australia’s migrants

E Labour market analysis

F Effects on labour supply of an increase in skilled migration

G Economic effects of increasing skilled migration: Modelling summary

H Detailed employment effects by occupation and region

I Referee reports on modelling

J Alternative modelling assumptions and results