Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements

Research report

This research report was released on 13 December 2010.

See also


  • Preliminaries
    Cover, Copyright, Foreword, Terms of reference, Disclosure of interests, Contents and Abbreviations and explanations
  • Overview - including key points
  • Recommendations

Part A - Introduction

  • Chapter 1 About the study
    1.1 The reference
    1.2 Conduct of the study
  • Chapter 2 What are bilateral and regional trade agreements?
    2.1 Types of trade agreements
    2.2 Australia's bilateral and regional trade agreements
    2.3 Other countries' agreements

Part B - BRTAs within the broader policy landscape

  • Chapter 3 International trade and investment flows
    3.1 Global trends
    3.2 Australian trends
    3.3 Summing up
  • Chapter 4 The institutional environment for international trade and investment
    4.1 The World Trade Organization
    4.2 Other multilateral institutions
    4.3 Bilateral and regional agreements and institutions
    4.4 Domestic policies and programs
  • Chapter 5 The changing nature and reach of BRTAs
    5.1 Growth in preferential trade agreements
    5.2 The evolving nature of PTAs
    5.3 The scope of specific PTAs in force
    5.4 The global reach of trade agreements

Part C - Evaluating the economic impacts of BRTAs

  • Chapter 6 Effects on barriers to trade and investment
    6.1 To what extent do BRTAs reduce barriers for members?
    6.2 Broader effects of BRTAs on trade and investment barriers
    6.3 Summing up
  • Chapter 7 Impacts on business and government
    7.1 Views of business
    7.2 Impacts on government
    7.3 Summing up
  • Chapter 8 Trade and economic effects: merchandise
    8.1 Some theory on impacts
    8.2 What other studies have said
    8.3 Modelling the potential impact of reductions in barriers to merchandise trade
    8.4 Broader economic impacts of changes in trade flows
    8.5 Observed changes in trade flows
    8.6 Summing up
  • Chapter 9 Trade and economic effects: services and investment
    9.1 Services trade
    9.2 Investment
    9.3 Summing up
  • Chapter 10 Other possible economic effects of BRTAs
    10.1 BRTAs and domestically focused regulation
    10.2 Economic integration impacts from BRTAs
    10.3 Summing up

Part D - Future approach to BRTAs

  • Chapter 11 Policy objectives for trade agreements
    11.1 What are appropriate policy objectives?
    11.2 Reducing barriers in our trading partners
    11.3 Reducing our own trade and investment barriers
    11.4 Economic cooperation and integration
    11.5 Non-trade objectives
    11.6 Summing up
  • Chapter 12 Future approaches to trade liberalisation and the role of BRTAs
    12.1 Unilateral reform
    12.2 Multilateral reform
    12.3 Bilateral and regional agreements
  • Chapter 13 Design of future BRTAs
    13.1 Existing best practice principles
    13.2 Sectoral coverage of agreements
    13.3 Rules of origin
    13.4 Multilateralising provisions
    13.5 Providing trade-related assistance to other countries
    13.6 Summing up
  • Chapter 14 Some specific provisions in BRTAs
    14.1 Intellectual property
    14.2 Investor-state dispute settlement
    14.3 Labour standards
    14.4 Restrictions on trade in cultural goods and services
    14.5 The proposed approach
  • Chapter 15 Processes for establishing BRTAs
    15.1 Current processes
    15.2 Concerns with the current process
    15.3 Improving the process
    15.4 Proposed approach
  • Appendix A The Associate Commissioner's views
  • Appendix B Public consultation
  • References

Just briefly...

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