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Report on Government Services 2015

Chapter 6, Volume C

Police services

The Police services chapter (chapter 6) of the Report on Government Services reports on the operations of the police agencies of each State and Territory government, including the ACT community policing function performed by the Australian Federal Police.

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  • Key Facts
  • Indicator Framework
  • Indicator Results

Recurrent expenditure on community policing services across Australia was approximately $10.2 billion (or $437 per person) in 2013-14. Police agencies employed 69 462 staff in 2013-14.

Information is included on community safety, crime, road safety and judicial services. For example, data are reported on public perceptions of safety and public perceptions of particular crimes as a problem, recorded victims of crime and perceptions of safety and crime, road safety as well as lower court defendants resulting in a guilty plea or finding.

The objectives of police services are to:

  • allow people to undertake their lawful pursuits confidently and safely
  • bring to justice those people responsible for committing an offence
  • promote safer behaviour on roads
  • support the judicial process to achieve efficient and effective court case management and judicial processing, providing safe custody for alleged offenders, and ensuring fair and equitable treatment of both victims and alleged offenders.

The performance indicator framework provides information on equity, efficiency and effectiveness, and distinguishes the outputs and outcomes of police services. The performance indicator framework shows which data are complete and comparable in the 2015 Report.

Indicator Framework

An overview of the Police services performance indicator results are presented. Information to assist the interpretation of these data can be found in the indicator interpretation boxes in the Police services chapter and attachment tables.

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Equity — Access indicators

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander staffing

Data for this indicator not complete or not directly comparable (chapter 6).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander staffing, 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% 2.4 0.3 2.3 1.5 1.1 1.7 1.3 6.6 ..
Legend: .. Not applicable.
Source: Attachment table 6A.17.

Staffing by gender

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (chapter 6).

Proportion of all staff who are female, 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% 32.7 30.1 34.8 29.5 30.7 35.8 33.7 36.2 ..
Legend: .. Not applicable
Source: Attachment table 6A.18.

Effectiveness — Output indicators

Complaints

Data for this indicator not complete or not directly comparable (chapter 6).

Complaints against police per 100 000 population, 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
No. 45 16 28 43 81 21 48 118 ..
Legend: .. Not applicable
Source: Attachment table 6A.16.

Juvenile diversions

Data for this indicator not complete or not directly comparable (chapter 6).

As a proportion of offenders, 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% na 17 35 45 53 58 40 39 ..
Legend: na Not available; .. Not applicable.
Source: Attachment table 6A.39.

Satisfaction with police services

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (chapter 6).

Proportion of people 'satisfied' or 'very satisfied', 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% 73.4 76.9 76.0 70.7 82.2 77.0 77.9 75.4 75.3
Source: Attachment table 6A.12.

Perceptions of police integrity

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (chapter 6).

Proportion of people who 'agreed' or 'strongly agreed' that police are..., 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
Fair and treat people equally (%) 75.5 75.1 76.7 76.2 77.8 81.0 79.9 74.3 76.1
Professional (%) 85.9 87.3 87.0 85.1 89.6 89.0 89.7 86.2 86.7
Honest (%) 72.9 74.5 74.3 73.5 78.8 79.5 79.2 76.7 74.4
Source: Attachment table 6A.13–15.

Perceptions of crime problems

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (chapter 6).

'Major problem' or 'somewhat of a problem', 2013-14 (%).
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
Illegal drugs (%) 39.9 38.5 30.9 38.8 32.5 32.6 28.3 37.6 36.7
Speeding cars, dangerous or noisy driving (%) 59.2 61.5 58.7 68.6 61.0 58.1 63.9 57.2 60.9
Source: Attachment table 6A.22–23.

Efficiency indicators

Dollars per person

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Real recurrent expenditure on police services per person, 2013-14
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
$ 443 394 418 496 415 399 440 1227 437
Source: Attachment table 6A.10.

Proportion of prosecutions where costs were awarded against police

Data for this indicator not complete or not directly comparable (Chapter 6).

Percentage of prosecutions where costs are awarded against the police, 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% 0.20 0.14 0.01 1.16 1.76 1.06 0.92 ..
Legend: .. Not applicable; – Nil or rounded to zero.
Source: Attachment table 6A.41.

Effectiveness — Outcome indicators

Perceptions of safety

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Home alone at night, 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% 87.5 90.4 89.7 86.0 90.4 92.9 93.8 85.9 89.0
Source: Attachment tables 6A.19-21.
Walking alone at night.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% 53.0 50.2 49.5 47.6 48.6 58.9 54.4 43.7 50.8
Source: Attachment tables 6A.19-21.
Travelling on public transport at night.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% 26.3 23.5 25.4 17.3 25.5 22.2 32.5 13.9 24.3
Source: Attachment tables 6A.19-21.

Crime victimisation

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Rate per 100 000 people/100 000 households, 2012 13.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
Physical assault 2250 2636 3106 3489 2590 2586 2608 4542 2706
Threatened assault 2433 2599 2840 3361 3406 3670 3420 3974 2781
Robbery 303 390 282 623 200 468 610 426 357
Sexual assault 247 237 209 311 86 288 177 455 233
Break in 2440 2334 2709 4374 2130 2367 2843 7948 2699
Attempted break-in 1629 1585 1965 3466 1660 1989 2427 3613 1926
Vehicle theft 701 534 611 929 382 805 347 1445 644
Theft from vehicle 2429 3366 2356 6232 3055 2225 2497 3613 3110
Malicious damage 6022 6500 4547 9208 6301 6676 7212 8671 6260
Other theft 2383 3033 2989 3247 2600 3078 2497 3324 2802
Source: Attachment tables 6A.27- 28.

Reporting rates

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Reporting rates, 2012-13 (%).
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
Physical assault 48.0 42.0 59.5 44.4 63.3 52.9 40.8 48.2 49.7
Threatened assault 35.4 39.3 38.5 37.2 32.8 45.1 27.3 51.1 37.2
Robbery 49.1 39.8 67.6 51.2 39.5 64.4 na na 49.7
Sexual assault 53.8 34.7 na 32.5 na 30.1 na na 34.2
Break-in 78.8 77.1 77.2 78.9 77.0 84.4 72.8 73.9 77.9
Attempted break-in 41.7 47.4 43.0 43.4 34.8 49.2 46.0 38.4 43.2
Vehicle theft 94.2 na 87.7 na 100.0 na 100.0 na 92.7
Theft from vehicle 56.7 59.3 45.9 57.0 45.1 45.9 59.1 55.5 54.7
Malicious damage 49.6 47.4 50.7 58.8 46.7 48.7 46.2 60.2 50.5
Other theft 31.6 36.8 35.5 36.8 39.4 39.1 38.2 34.8 35.4
Legend: na Not available.
Source: Attachment tables 6A.29-30).

Outcomes of investigations

Data for this indicator not complete or not directly comparable (Chapter 6).

Outcomes of investigations, 30 day status, 2013 (% finalised).
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
Homicide and related offences 60.8 67.9 68.1 65.2 72.5 70.0 np 87.0 ..
Sexual assault 29.6 36.4 51.0 38.7 42.6 44.1 33.0 66.5 ..
Armed robbery 31.8 37.3 49.8 38.5 38.8 56.5 19.7 43.8 ..
Unarmed robbery 27.3 30.5 50.6 31.3 36.5 73.9 23.5 57.8 ..
Kidnapping 42.3 45.3 45.6 64.7 49.3 np np np ..
Unlawful entry 7.4 8.5 15.3 10.6 8.6 17.2 3.5 29.6 10.4
Vehicle theft 7.7 11.3 31.2 21.2 14.4 13.9 4.1 36.5 16.4
Other theft 12.1 15.4 24.6 11.5 15.8 26.7 8.9 31.1 16.0
Legend: .. Not applicable; np Not published.
Source: Attachment tables 6A.31-32.

Road safety

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

People who had driven in previous 6 months 'rarely' or more often..., 2013-14 (%).
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
Without a seatbelt 4.3 6.1 5.0 4.9 6.8 6.2 4.9 8.2 5.2
Over alcohol limit 8.6 7.2 5.7 8.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 10.5 7.7
Speeding >10km/h 56.7 49.4 56.6 59.9 45.6 55.7 62.9 62.0 54.5
Source: Attachment tables 6A.33-35.

Road deaths

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Road deaths per 100 000 registered vehicles, 2013-14.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
Rate 6.7 5.7 6.2 7.7 6.6 8.8 2.9 27.6 6.4
Source: Attachment table 6A.36.

Land transport hospitalisations per registered vehicle

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Land transport hospitalisations per 100 000 registered vehicles, 2012-13.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
Rate 259 189 231 220 228 156 291 428 228
Source: Attachment table 6A.37.

Deaths in police custody

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Deaths in police custody, 2012-13.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
No. 5 2 4 6 1 18
Legend: – Nil or rounded to zero.
Source: Attachment table 6A.38.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths in custody

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths in police custody, 2012-2013.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
No. 1 3 1 5
Legend: – Nil or rounded to zero.
Source: Attachment table 6A.38.

Magistrates court defendants resulting in a guilty plea or finding

Data for this indicator comparable, subject to caveats (Chapter 6).

Magistrates' court guilty plea or finding of all adjudicated defendants, 2012-13.
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Aust
% 94.6 97.2 99.3 99.3 99.4 87.9 96.3 96.6 97.4
Source: Attachment table 6A.40.

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