Cost Sharing for Biodiversity Conservation: A Conceptual Framework

Staff research paper

Cost Sharing for Biodiversity Conservation: A Conceptual Framework by Barbara Aretino, Paula Holland, Anna Matysek and Deborah Peterson was released on 11 May 2001, similtaneously with the consultancy report, A Duty of Care for the Protection of Biodiversity on Land. The paper discusses the principles for sharing the costs of conservation between individuals, groups and the general community. It illustrates situations in which the different cost sharing principles may be relevant and highlights some issues that arise in determining who should pay for biodiversity conservation. Also see:

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Cover, Copyright, Contents, Glossary, Key Points, Overview

1 Introduction
1.1 What is biodiversity conservation?
1.2 Paying for biodiversity conservation - what is cost sharing?
1.3 The structure of this report

2 Market incentives to conserve biodiversity
2.1 The market for biodiversity conservation
2.2 A potential role for governments?
2.3 Summary

3 Cost sharing principles
3.1 'Polluter (impacter) pays' principle
3.2 'Beneficiary pays' principle
3.3 Summary

4 Some practical considerations
4.1 Clarifying property rights and responsibilities
4.2 Applying the 'impacter pays' principle
4.3 Applying the 'beneficiary pays' principle
4.4 Ensuring compliance
4.5 Summary