Skip to Content

Restrictions on Trade in Education Services: Some Basic Indexes

Staff Working Paper

This paper by Duc Nguyen-Hong and Robert Wells was released on 15 October 2003.

The paper examines restrictions affecting trade in education services — a growing commercial activity in the services sector in many economies. The paper is part of a series of Commission research studies into barriers to trade in services.

A spreadsheet of supporting data was revised in 2008 and released onto this website in December 2009.

Contents

Preliminaries
Cover, Copyright, Preface, Contents, Abbreviations, Summary

1   Introduction

2   Index framework
2.1   Education sub-sectors and modes of services trade
2.2   Types of restrictions in education services
2.3   Index methodology

3   Index results
3.1   Consumption abroad
3.2   Commercial presence
3.3   Cross-border supply
3.4   Presence of natural persons
3.5   Summing up

A   Detailed index results

References

Printed copies

This publication is only available online.

Publications feedback

We value your comments about this publication and encourage you to complete and submit the publications feedback form.