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Enforcing Australia's Food Laws

Office of Regulation Review information paper

This paper was released in November 1995.

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Contents

Preliminaries
Cover, Copyright, Contents, Abbreviations

Introduction

PART A   OVERVIEW AND POLICY ISSUES

A1   Institutional arrangements
A1.1   Regulation-making
A1.2   Enforcement
A1.3   Policy issues
      allocation of regulation-making responsibilities
      allocation of enforcement responsibilities

A2   Extent and prioritisation of enforcement
A2.1   Extent: current policy and practice
A2.2   Reasons for limitations in enforcement
      resource constraints
      other reasons
A2.3   Prioritisation
A2.4   Policy issues
      aggregate level of resources
      variability in resources between jurisdictions
      priority setting
      other issues

A3   Enforcement practices
A3.1   The broad focus
A3.2   Identifying and rectifying specific breaches
A3.3   Influencing the 'culture of compliance'
A3.4   Policy issues: enforcement mechanisms
      identification systems
      education and training
      warnings
      penalty systems
      licensing
      food awards
      industry involvement
A3.5   Policy issues: enforcement strategies
      proactive versus reactive strategies
      combative versus cooperative strategies
      legalistic versus discretionary strategies
A3.6   Policy issues: future directions

A4   Other matters
A4.1   Coordination and communication
A4.2   Non-uniform enforcement
A4.3   Interpretation
A4.4   Development of food laws

A5   Summary/findings
A5.1   Institutional arrangements
A5.2   Extent and prioritisation of enforcement
A5.3   Enforcement practices
A5.4   Other matters

PART B   SUMMARY OF SURVEY RESPONSES

B1   Responsibilities of the agencies
B1.1   Involvement in food law enforcement
B1.2   Enforcement of the Food Standards Code
B1.3   Other enforcement responsibilities

B2   Extent and prioritisation of enforcement
B2.1   Extent of enforcement: policy and practice
B2.2   Limitations on enforcement
      resource constraints
      problems with legislation
      other reasons
B2.3   Prioritisation of enforcement
      priorities
      bases for determining priorities

B3   Enforcement practices
B3.1   Identifying specific breaches
B3.2   Rectifying specific breaches: mechanisms
B3.3   Rectifying specific breaches: hierarchies of measures
      specific hierarchies
      other responses
B3.4   Improving the 'culture of compliance'
B3.5   Balance between rectifying specific breac and improving the general culture
B3.6   Discrimination between firms

B4   Other matters
B4.1   Responsibility for interpretation and dispute resolution
B4.2   Systems for uniform interpretation
B4.3   Uniformity, coordination and communication
B4.4   Development of food laws
      resources
      risk level
B4.5   Other current difficulties/issues

PART C   APPENDICES

C1   State/Territory institutional arrangements
Western Australia
South Australia
Tasmania
Victoria
New South Wales
Queensland
Northern Territory
Australian Capital Territory

C2   Arrangements for imported food

C3   List of participating agencies

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