Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s owned land and water titles
Data tables appear under figures
Proportion of all land that is Indigenous owned or controlled
Nationally as at June 2022, 16.1 per cent of Australia’s land area was owned or controlled by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. This is unchanged from the same time in the previous two years (June 2020 and 2021) (figure SE15a.1).
Proportion of water owned or controlled by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
Reporting for this measure is under development.
Indicator data specifications
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people maintain a distinctive cultural, spiritual, physical and economic relationship with their land and waters.
By 2030, a 15 per cent increase in:
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s owned land and water titles.
Measure 1 is the proportion of all land that is Indigenous owned or controlled and is defined as:
Numerator — land area owned or controlled by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people at 30 June
Denominator — total land area
and is presented as a percentage.
Measure 2 is the proportion of water owned or controlled by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
The specifications for this measure are under development.
National Agreement on Closing the Gap July 2020
Latest dashboard update for the indicator:
8 March 2023
Interpretation of change:
For both measures, a high or increasing proportion is desirable.
Name (numerator): ILSC Indigenous held land dataset (2000).
Frequency: Annual (revised NT and Australia Indigenous estate data for 2020 and 2021 in the March 2023 update)
Documentation (links): https://www.ilsc.gov.au/
Provider name (numerator): Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation (ILSC)
Provider area: Land and water ownership
Latest reporting period:
State and Territory and Australia.
Numerator divided by Denominator multiplied by 100.
Numerator: Land area is in square kilometres (sq km). Land owned or controlled by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people includes the following tenure types:
The different forms of land tenure report can overlap.
Denominator: Total land area is in square kilometres (sq km) and is based on GeoScience Australia's published ‘Area of Australia - States and Territories’ data as calculated from GeoScience Australia's GEODATA Coast 100K 2004 product. Data for the ACT includes Jervis Bay.
Data quality considerations:
In 2000, the ILSC developed a database of Indigenous owned land by querying land title registers using known Indigenous organisation names identified from state and federal Indigenous organisation registers.
Other than information the ILSC has collected to support its legislated acquisition and management functions, this dataset has not been updated to reflect land boundary or tenure changes over the last 20 years.
The data provided represents land parcels identified as legally owned by Indigenous Corporations (corporations registered with a state or federal register of Indigenous corporations, such as the Office of the Registrar of Indigenous Corporations (ORIC)) or as legally owned by Government and held exclusively for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander use. Data does not include land parcels owned by individual persons, nor does it include other legal Indigenous interests such as Native Title or regional Indigenous Protected Areas.
The ILSC makes no warranties as to the currency or accuracy of land ownership information.
Additional developments required for future reporting: