Report on Government Services 2017
Volume C, Chapter 8
This chapter reports on prison custody and a range of community corrections orders and programs for adult offenders which are delivered separately by the eight States and Territories.
Download the chapter
- Chapter 8 Corrective services and attachment tables (PDF - 1734 Kb)
- Chapter 8 Attachment tables (XLSX - 704 Kb)
- Key Facts
- Indicator Framework
- Indicator Results
- Indigenous Data
In 2015-16, on average 37 456 people per day were held in Australian prisons (excluding periodic detainees) of which 7.8 per cent were female and 27.7 per cent were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners. Nationally, 18.7 per cent were held in privately operated prisons.
Nationally, corrective services agencies operated 112 custodial facilities at 30 June 2016. Community corrections is responsible for a range of non-custodial sanctions and also manages prisoners who are released into the community and continue to be subject to corrective services supervision. In some jurisdictions, community corrections responsibility includes managing offenders on supervised bail orders.
In 2015-16, on average 63 521 offenders per day were serving community corrections orders, of which 18.3 per cent were female and 19.6 per cent were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders.
Nationally in 2015-16, net operating expenditure on corrective services including depreciation was $3.7 billion.
Corrective services aim to contribute to the protection and creation of safer communities through the effective management of offenders and prisoners, commensurate with their needs and the risks they pose to the community, by providing:
- a safe, secure and humane custodial environment
- appropriate management of community corrections orders
- programs and services that address the causes of offending, maximise the chances of successful reintegration into the community, and encourage offenders to adopt a law abiding way of life.
Governments aim for corrective services to meet these objectives in an equitable and efficient manner.
The performance indicator framework provides information on equity, efficiency and effectiveness, and distinguishes the outputs and outcomes of corrective services. The performance indicator framework shows which data are complete and comparable in the 2017 Report.
An overview of the Corrective services performance indicator results are presented. Information to assist the interpretation of these data can be found in the indicator interpretation boxes in the Corrective services chapter and attachment tables.
Effectiveness — Appropriateness indicators
Education and training
Percentage of eligible prisoners participating in education and training courses, 2015-16
Source: Attachment table 8A.10
Number of prisoners employed as a percentage of those eligible to work, 2015-16
Source: Attachment table 8A.11
Average number of hours per day that prisoners are not confined to their cells or units, 2015-16
Source: Attachment table 8A.12
Ratio of number of hours directed to work and hours actually worked, 2015‑16
Source: Attachment table 8A.13
Annual daily average prisoner population as a percentage of the number of single occupancy cells and designated beds in shared occupancy cells, 2015‑16
Source: Attachment table 8A.14
Effectiveness — Quality indicators
Apparent unnatural deaths
Rate of prisoner deaths from apparent unnatural causes (deaths per 100 prisoners), by Indigenous status, 2015-16
|Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander||0.03||–||0.04||0.14||–||–||1.09||–||0.06|
Source: Attachment table 8A.16
Number of prisoner deaths from apparent unnatural causes, by Indigenous status, 2015-16
|Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander||1||–||1||3||–||–||1||–||6|
Source: Attachment tables 8A.16.
Assaults in custody
Number of victims of violent physical attacks reported over the year, per 100 prisoners, 2015-16 – prisoner on prisoner (rate)
Number of victims of violent physical attacks reported over the year, per 100 prisoners, 2015-16 – prisoner on officer (rate)
Cost per prisoner/offender
Average net daily cost of providing corrective services per prisoner and per offender (excluding capital costs, payroll tax, prisoner transport and prisoner health expenditure), 2015-16 ($)
Completion of community orders
Percentage of orders completed during the year that were not breached for failure to meet the order requirements or because further offences were committed, 2015-16
Source: Attachment tables 8A.20
Rate of escapes by prisoners (number per 100 prisoners) from secure custody and open custody, 2015-16
Number of escapes by prisoners from secure custody and open custody, 2015-16
These data and caveats for these data are available in Chapter 8 and Attachment 8A.
na Not available. .. Not applicable. – Nil or rounded to zero.
Performance indicator data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in this chapter are available in the attachment tables listed below. Contextual data and further supporting information can be found in the chapter.
|Table number||Table title|
|Table 8A.16||Deaths from apparent unnatural causes by Indigenous status, number and rate per 100 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander/non-Indigenous prisoners|
|Table 8A.20||Completion of community corrections orders (per cent)|