Report on Government Services 2020
PART D: RELEASED ON 29 JANUARY 2020
D Emergency management
Main aims of services within the sector
Emergency management services aim to reduce the risks of and the adverse effects from emergency events on individuals, communities and the environment.1 An emergency event is one that endangers or threatens to endanger life, property and/or the environment, and requires a significant and coordinated response, for example, fires, rescues, medical emergencies and natural disasters.
Services included in the sector
- Fire services
Prepare for, prevent, respond to and assist recovery from fire and other events.
- State and Territory emergency services
Largely volunteer organisations that respond to and provide assistance during and after emergency events.
- Ambulance services organisations
Provide emergency patient response, care and transport.
- Other services with some emergency management responsibilities but not included in reporting for this sector in this Report:
- Hospital emergency departments — services include preparing for and responding to emergency events (section 12 in this Report)
- Police services — services related to preserving public order and responding to, managing and coordinating major incidents and emergencies (section 6 in this Report)
- Marine and lifesaving rescue and coast guard organisations (not included as service-specific sections in this Report).
Detailed information on the equity, effectiveness and efficiency of service provision and the achievement of outcomes for fire services and State and Territory Emergency Services (STES), ambulance services, public hospitals (including emergency departments), ambulance services and police services is contained in the service‑specific sections in this Report.
Government expenditure in the sector
Total government expenditure in 2018-19 for fire and STES services was $5.2 billion, around 2.1 per cent of total government expenditure on services covered in this Report. Fire services was the largest contributor (95.5 per cent), followed by STES (4.5 per cent) (table D.1).
Ambulance services expenditure is reported in the Health sector overview
- Emergency Management Australia 1998, Australian Emergency Terms Thesaurus, Australian Emergency Manuals Series, Australian Government, Canberra. Locate Footnote 1 above