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Removing Tariffs on Goods Originating from Least Developed Countries

Research report

This report was released on 28 October 2002.

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Cover, Copyright, Foreword, Terms of reference, Contents, Acknowledgements, Abbreviations and explanations, Glossary, Key Messages, Overview

1   Introduction
1.1   Nature of the study
1.2   Scope
1.3   Approach
1.4   Main sources of data

2   LDCs and their access to markets
2.1   The Doha Ministerial Declaration
2.2   The Least Developed Countries
2.3   Benefits for LDCs from increased market access
2.4   LDC exports
2.5   Barriers to LDC trade
2.6   Preferential market access for developing countries
2.7   Preferential market access schemes for LDCs
2.8   Summary

3   LDC access to Australian markets
3.1   Australian initiatives for LDC market access
3.2   LDC exports to Australia
3.3   Australian tariffs
3.4   Imports affected by tariffs
3.5   Summary

4   Patterns of trade and production
4.1   Structure of LDC exports to Australia
4.2   Non-LDC exports of TCF
4.3   Australian TCF production
4.4   Summary

5   Effects of reducing tariffs preferentially on goods originating from LDCs
5.1   Version of GTAP and simulations
5.2   Modelling results
5.3   Interpreting the results
5.4   Summary

A   Key LDC statistics

B   LDC supply capacity constraints
B.1   Low productive capacity of firms
B.2   Inadequate infrastructure and high transport costs
B.3   Poor regulatory framework and inefficient government institutions
B.4   Unstable social and economic environments

C   Preference countries

D   Australia’s rules of origin

E   Selected LDC trade statistics
E.1   Australian imports of all goods
E.2   Australian imports of TCF

F   CGE modelling
Computable general equilibrium modelling
Attachment F1: Concordances and tables

G   Proposed changes to the ASTP

H   Ministerial correspondence