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Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2005

Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2005, was released on 12 July 2005. In addition the Overview of this report was released as a separate publication. The text of the overview is included in the full report.

In April 2002, the Council of Australian Governments commissioned the Steering Committee to produce a regular report against key indicators of Indigenous disadvantage. This report has an important long-term objective. It is to inform Australian governments about whether policy programs and interventions are achieving positive outcomes for Indigenous people. This will help guide where further work is needed.

To help ensure the relevance and appropriateness of the indicator framework for the report, the Steering Committee circulated a draft framework for reporting on Indigenous disadvantage in October 2002. The consultation period ended in February 2003, after which, the framework was revised. The revised framework was endorsed by the Council of Australian Governments in August 2003. The Steering Committee prepared a report on its consultations, Draft Framework for Reporting on Indigenous Disadvantage.

Ongoing consultations continued after the publication of the first Report in 2003. Following the release of Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2005, the Steering Committee consulted with a range of government, research and Indigenous organisations and individuals about the framework and Report. The formal consultation period ended in June 2006. The feedback received during the formal consultation period will help to improve the next edition of the Report, due to come out in mid 2007.

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  • Contents

Cover, Copyright, Foreword, Contents, Acronyms and abbreviations, Glossary, Terms of Reference, Overview

1   Introduction
1.1   Not just another statistical report
1.2   Background
1.3   The process
1.4   References

2   The framework
2.1   The underpinnings
2.2   The framework
2.3   Feedback from consultations
2.4   Culture
2.5   Data issues
2.6   References

3   Headline indicators
3.1   Life expectancy at birth
3.2   Rates of disability and/or core activity restriction
3.3   Years 10 and 12 retention and attainment
3.4   Post secondary education – participation and attainment
3.5   Labour force participation and unemployment
3.6   Household and individual income
3.7   Home ownership
3.8   Suicide and self-harm
3.9   Substantiated child protection notifications
3.10   Deaths from homicide and hospitalisations for assault
3.11   Victim rates for crime
3.12   Imprisonment and juvenile detention rates
3.13   Future directions in data
3.14   References

4   Strategic areas for action

5   Early child development and growth
5.1   Rates of hospital admission for infectious diseases
5.2   Infant mortality
5.3   Birthweight
5.4   Hearing impediments
5.5   Future directions in data
5.6 References

6   Early school engagement and performance (preschool to year 3)
6.1   Preschool and school attendance
6.2   Year 3 literacy and numeracy
6.3   Primary school children with dental caries
6.4   Future directions in data
6.5   References

7   Positive childhood and transition to adulthood
7.1   Years 5 and 7 literacy and numeracy
7.2   Retention at year 9
7.3   Indigenous cultural studies in school curriculum and involvement of Indigenous people in development
and delivery of Indigenous studies
7.4   Juvenile diversions as a proportion of all juvenile offenders
7.5   Transition from school to work
7.6   Future directions in data
7.7   References

8   Substance use and misuse
8.1   Alcohol and tobacco consumption
8.2   Alcohol related crime and hospital statistics
8.3   Drug and other substance use
8.4   Future directions in data
8.5   References

9   Functional and resilient families and communities
9.1   Children on long term care and protection orders
9.2   Repeat offending
9.3   Access to the nearest health professional
9.4   Proportion of Indigenous people with access to their traditional lands
9.5   Participation in organised sport, arts or community group activities
9.6   Future directions in data
9.7   References

10   Effective environmental health systems
10.1   Rates of diseases associated with poor environmental health
10.2   Access to clean water and functional sewerage
10.3   Overcrowding in housing
10.4   Future directions in data
10.5   References

11   Economic participation and development
11.1   Employment by sector, industry and occupation
11.2   CDEP participation
11.3   Long term unemployment
11.4   Self employment
11.5   Indigenous owned or controlled land
11.6   Accredited training in leadership, finance or management
11.7   Case studies in governance arrangements
11.8   Future directions in data
11.9   References

Appendix 1   COAG Communiqu├ęs

Appendix 2   Implementation by jurisdictions

Appendix 3   Composition of the Indigenous population

Appendix 4   Data limitations


The following tables are additional to the printed report.

3A   Headline indicators - attachment

5A   Early child development and growth (prenatal to age 3) - attachment

6A   Early school engagement and performance (preschool to year 3) - attachment

7A   Positive childhood and transition to adulthood - attachment

8A   Substance use and misuse - attachment

9A   Functional and resilient families and communities - attachment

10A   Effective environmental health systems - attachment

11A   Economic participation and development - attachment