Skip to Content

Trade and Assistance Review 1998-99

Annual Report Series

Trade and Assistance Review 1998-99 was released on 16 November 1999. The Productivity Commission is required to report annually on industry assistance and its effects on the economy.

This review of trade and assistance issues and developments over the past year contains the Commission's latest estimates of agricultural, manufacturing and budgetary assistance. It also presents new estimates of barriers to trade in selected services for Australia and its trading partners.

Download the report

  • Media release
  • Contents

'Trade barriers impose costs not only on a country’s trading partners but also on its own community', according to a Productivity Commission report released today.

The report — Trade and Assistance Review 1998-99 — contains the first of a new series of estimates of the effects of trade restrictions on service industries.

The new estimates cover restrictions (other than prudential requirements) in the banking, telecommunications and maritime sectors of more than 35 economies. They show that:

  • Australia has liberal regimes in banking and telecommunications, and a moderately restrictive regime in the maritime sector;
  • South American and Asian economies have the most restrictive trade regimes in the three service sectors studied; and
  • barriers to trade in services can increase the price of services by more than 50 per cent in the countries which erect the barriers.

The report comes ahead of the World Trade Organization’s proposed ‘Millennium Round’ of multilateral trade negotiations, intended to be launched in Seattle later this month.

This year’s report also contains the Commission’s latest annual estimates of budgetary and other assistance to industry. These show that:

  • Commonwealth budgetary assistance is steady at around $3.3 billion a year; and
  • the 'effective rate of assistance' is low for most agricultural and manufacturing industries at around 5 per cent or less; but
  • the dairy, tobacco, passenger motor vehicles, and textiles, clothing and footwear industries remain highly assisted — the effective rate of assistance being more than 200 per cent in the case of dairy.

Several recent developments and policy issues in the trade and assistance field are also outlined in the report.

Background information

Tom Nankivell (Research Manager) 02 6240 3235

Leonora Nicol (Media, Publications and Web) 02 6240 3239 / 0417 665 443

  • Preliminaries
    • Cover, Copyright, Foreword, Contents, Abbreviations
  • Key messages
  • Summary
  • Chapter 1 Setting the scene
  • Chapter 2 Services
    • 2.1 Trade and production: a snapshot
    • 2.2 Measuring the effects of restrictions on trade in services
    • 2.3 Trade policy developments
  • Chapter 3 Agriculture and manufacturing
    • 3.1 Trade and production: a snapshot
    • 3.2 Scope of the Commission's assistance estimates
    • 3.3 Assistance to agriculture
    • 3.4 Manufacturing assistance
    • 3.5 Anti-dumping and countervailing activity
    • 3.6 WTO trading rules and disputes
    • 3.7 Trade-related aspects of intellectual property
  • Chapter 4 Budgetary assistance
    • 4.1 Scope of the Commission's estimates
    • 4.2 Commonwealth budgetary assistance
    • 4.3 Strategic investment incentives
  • Appendix A About the Commission's assistance estimates
  • References

Printed copies

This publication is only available online.

Publications feedback

We value your comments about this publication and encourage you to provide feedback.

Submit publications feedback