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Annual review of regulatory burdens on business

Commissioned study

This study stream is now completed.

In February 2007 the Australian Government asked the Productivity Commission to undertake, over five years, a series of annual reviews of the burdens on business from the stock of Commonwealth regulation.

The ongoing five year cycle involved reviewing, in sequence, regulation which mainly impacts on the following areas:

The review process was designed to ensure that all Australian Government regulations are efficient and effective, by recommending improvements that lead to net benefits to business and the community, without compromising underlying policy goals.

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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander visual arts and crafts

Access to justice arrangements

Adding value to Australia's forest products

Aged care employment

Agri-food case study - Micro reform - Impacts on firms

Aids and appliances for people with disabilities

Annual review of regulatory burdens on business

Assessing local government revenue raising capacity

Australia's anti-dumping and countervailing system

Australia's automotive manufacturing industry

Australia's export credit arrangements

Australia's gambling industries (1999)

Australia's general tariff arrangements

Australia's maritime logistics system

Australia's urban water sector

Australian dairy industry

Australian science - performance from published papers

Australian and New Zealand competition and consumer protection regimes

Auto industry (2002)

Availability of capital

Barriers to effective climate change adaptation

Battery eggs sale and production in the ACT

Bilateral and regional trade agreements

Book production (1992)

Book printing


Business licences - international benchmarking

Business licences and regulation reform

Business set-up, transfer and closure

Carer leave

Caring for older Australians

Charitable organisations in Australia

Chemicals and plastics regulation

Childcare and early childhood learning

Closing the Gap review

Citrus growing and processing

Collection models for GST on low value imported goods

Commercial restrictions on exporting: including franchising

Compensation and rehabilitation for Veterans

Competition in the Australian financial system

Competitive tendering and contracting by public sector agencies

Compulsory licensing of patents

Computer hardware, software and related service industries

Conservation of historic heritage places

Construction costs of major projects

Consumer law enforcement and administration

Consumer policy framework

Consumer product safety

Contribution of the not-for-profit sector

Copyright restrictions on the parallel importation of books

Cost recovery by Commonwealth agencies

Cost recovery for managing fisheries

Costs and benefits of reducing greenhouse gas emissions

Costs of doing business in Australia: dairy product manufacturing

Costs of doing business: retail trade industry

Data availability and use

Default superannuation funds in modern awards

Defence procurement

Disability care and support

A full repairing lease: Inquiry into ecologically sustainable land management

Economic impacts of migration and population growth

Economic implications of an ageing Australia

Economic regulation of airports (2019)

Economic regulation of airport services (2012)

Economic regulation of harbour towage and related services

Economic structure and performance of the Australian retail industry

Economy-wide effects of assistance to the textile, clothing and footwear industries

Education and training workforce: Schools workforce

Education and training workforce: Vocational education and training

Education and training workforce: Early childhood development

Education evidence base

Electricity network regulation

Emission reduction policies and carbon prices in key economies

Energy efficiency

Energy generation and distribution

Environmental waste management equipment, systems and services

Evaluation of the agri-food strategy

Evaluation of the investment promotion and facilitation program

Evaluation of the pharmaceuticals industry investment program

Executive remuneration

Expenditure on children in the Northern Territory

Exports of education services

Exports of health services

First home ownership

Future Drought Fund

Gambling (2010)

Gas access regime

General practice compliance costs

Geographic labour mobility

Government drought support

Health workforce

Horizontal fiscal equalisation


Housing and Homelessness Agreement review

Human services

Identifying and evaluating regulation reforms

Impact of Commonwealth indirect taxes on exporters

Impact of competition policy reforms on rural and regional Australia

Impact of foot and mouth disease in Australia

Impacts of COAG reforms: Business regulation and VET

Impacts of native vegetation and biodiversity regulations

Impediments to regional industry adjustment

Implementation of ecologically sustainable development by Commonwealth departments and agencies

Implications for Australia of firms locating offshore

Improving the future performance of buildings

Independent review of job network

Indigenous Evaluation Strategy

Industries in the Great Barrier Reef catchment and measures to address declining water quality

Intellectual property arrangements

Interim report on paper recycling

International air services

International benchmarking overview 1995

International liner cargo shipping (1999)

International liner cargo shipping (2005)

International pharmaceutical price differences

International telecommunications market regulation

Intrastate aviation

Legislation regulating the architectural profession

Mail, courier and parcel services

Major project development assessment processes

Marine fisheries and aquaculture

Market mechanisms for recovering water in the Murray-Darling Basin

Meat processing

Impacts of advances in medical technology in Australia

Medical and scientific equipment industries

Mental health

Migrant intake into Australia

Mineral and energy resource exploration

Mining and minerals processing in Australia

Modelling economy-wide effects of future automotive assistance

Murray-Darling Basin Plan: Five-year assessment

Murray-Darling Basin Plan: Implementation review 2023

Mutual recognition schemes

National access regime (2001)

National access regime (2013)

Review of National Competition Policy arrangements

Review of the National Disability Agreement

National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) costs

National Procurement Development Program

National School Reform Agreement

National transport regulatory reform

National water reform (2018)

National water reform 2020

National Workers' Compensation and Occupational Health and Safety Frameworks

Natural disaster funding

New and advanced materials

Nursing home subsidies

Packaging and labelling

Paid maternity, paternity and parental leave

Performance benchmarking of Australian business regulation

Performance benchmarking of Australian business regulation: Feasibility

Performance benchmarking of Australian business regulation: Quantity and quality / Cost of business registration

Performance benchmarking of Australian business regulation: Occupational health and safety

Performance benchmarking of Australian business regulation: Food safety

Performance benchmarking of Australian business regulation: Planning, zoning and development assessments

Performance benchmarking of Australian business regulation: Role of local government as regulator

Performance of public and private hospital systems

Petroleum products

Pig and pigmeat industries: Safeguard action against imports (1999)

Port Authority services and activities

Post-2005 Textile, clothing and footwear assistance arrangements

Price regulation of airport services (2002)

Price regulation of airport services (2007)

Private health insurance

Productivity inquiry (2023)

Productivity review (2017)

Product liability

Progress in rail reform

Public housing

Public infrastructure

Public liability claims management

Public safety mobile broadband

Pulp and paper: Bleaching and the environment

Rail transport

Raw material pricing for domestic use


Reform of building regulation

Register of foreign-owned water entitlements

Regulation of agriculture

Regulator engagement with small business

Regulatory burden on the upstream petroleum (Oil and gas) sector

Regulatory impact analysis: Benchmarking

Remote area tax concessions and payments

Removing tariffs on goods originating from least developed countries

Research and development

Resources sector regulation

Review of certain superannuation acts

Review of mutual recognition (2003)

Review of mutual recognition schemes (2009)

Review of overseas export enhancement measures

Review of radiocommunications acts

Review of the Disability Discrimination Act 1992

Review of the Prices Surveillance Act 1983

Right to repair

Road and rail freight infrastructure pricing

Rules of origin under the Australia-New Zealand closer economic relations trade agreement

Rural research and development corporations

Rural water use and the environment: The role of market mechanisms

Safeguards inquiry into the import of pigmeat (2008)

Safeguards inquiry into the import of processed fruit products

Safeguards inquiry into the import of processed tomato products

Science and innovation

Section 2D of the Trade Practices Act 1974

Service exports

Setting the scene monitoring micro reform

Skills and Workforce Development Agreement

Smash repair and insurance

Standards and accreditation

State, territory and local government assistance to industry

Statutory marketing arrangements for primary products

Strengthening economic relations between Australia and New Zealand


Tasmanian freight subsidy arrangements (2007)

Tasmanian shipping and freight

Taxation and financial policy impacts on urban settlement

Telecommunications competition regulation

Telecommunications equipment, systems and services

Telecommunications universal service obligation

Textiles, clothing and footwear industries

Transitioning regional economies

Black coal industry

The Australian Horticultural Corporation

Australian pigmeat industry (2005)

Australian sugar industry

Automotive industry

Automotive industry (1990)

Commercial tariff concession and by-law systems

Machine tool and robotics

Retail tenancy leases in Australia

Pharmaceutical industry

Tobacco growing and manufacturing industries

Tourism accommodation and training

University resourcing: Australia in an international context

Urban transport

Vehicle and recreational marine craft repair and insurance industries

Vulnerable supply chains

Waste generation and resource efficiency

Water resources and waste water disposal

Wheat export marketing arrangements

Work, health and safety

Workers' compensation in Australia

Workplace Relations Framework