Restrictions on Trade in Education Services: Some Basic Indexes
Staff Working Paper
This paper by Duc Nguyen-Hong and Robert Wells was released on 15 October 2003.
The paper examines restrictions affecting trade in education services — a growing commercial activity in the services sector in many economies. The paper is part of a series of Commission research studies into barriers to trade in services.
A spreadsheet of supporting data was revised in 2008 and released onto this website in December 2009.
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- Measures of restrictions on trade in education services database ( 1.2 MB)
Cover, Copyright, Preface, Contents, Abbreviations, Summary
2 Index framework
2.1 Education sub-sectors and modes of services trade
2.2 Types of restrictions in education services
2.3 Index methodology
3 Index results
3.1 Consumption abroad
3.2 Commercial presence
3.3 Cross-border supply
3.4 Presence of natural persons
3.5 Summing up
A Detailed index results
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